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lncRNA Sequencing

Service Overview
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lncRNA sequencing Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts longer than 200 nt that do not encode for proteins. lncRNAs researches reveal a wide range of important cellular processes such as X-chromosome inactivation, imprinting, maintenance of pluripotency, lineage commitment and apoptosis. lncRNAs are also known to be involved with human diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular disease and neurological disorders, and are of significant interest to researchers. Novogene's bioinformatics team provides comprehensive analysis for both lncRNAs and mRNAs, enabling access to lncRNA and mRNA information in a single sequencing run. Applications include comparison of lncRNA and mRNA expressions in different stages of development and in different tissues, as well as unveiling key functions of mRNAs and lncRNAs.

The Novogene Advantage

  • Extensive experience with thousands of samples being successfully sequenced.
  • Unsurpassed data quality with a guaranteed Q30 score ≥ 80% that exceeds Illumina’s official benchmarks.
  • Comprehensive analysis using mainstream software and mature in-house pipeline to meet multiple bioinformatic requests.

Project Workflow

lncRNA Sequencing Project Workflow

Sample Requirements

lncRNA-Seq Total RNA ≥ 2 μg ≥ 20 μl ≥ 20 ng/μl Animal ≥ 6.5, Plant/Fungi ≥ 6, with the smooth baseline No degradation, no contamination

Sequencing Strategy

  • 250-300 bp insert directional cDNA library with rRNA removal
  • Illumina platform, paired-end 150 bp

Recommended Sequencing Depth

  • ≥ 12 G Raw Data / Sample

Turnaround Time

  • Within 4 weeks from project verification to data releasing without bioinformatic analysis
  • The turnaround for data analysis is project-dependent

Analysis Pipeline

lncRNA Sequencing Analysis Pipeline
  • Figure 1: Pipeline for Lnc RNA Analysis
Table. Representative data quality results of lncRNA sequencing (PE 150) from Novogene
Sample Name # Of Raw reads # Of Clean reads Clean bases Error Rate (%) Q 20 (%) Q 30 (%) GC Content (%)
Sample 1 118726766 117424068 17.61G 0.01 97.70 94.09 52.33
Sample 2 133948474 132481702 19.87G 0.01 97.85 94.40 50.66
Sample 3 144285430 142696176 21.4G 0.01 97.84 94.42 52.15
Sample 4 133066914 132086794 19.81G 0.01 98.27 95.50 49.99
Sample 5 133570278 131801718 19.77G 0.01 98.28 95.49 53.05
Sample 6 111400698 107732776 16.16G 0.01 97.82 94.31 51.56

Project Example

The following studies utilized Novogene's expert lncRNA sequencing service. Identification and functional characterization of hypoxia-Induced endoplasmic reticulum stress regulating lncRNA (HypERlnc) in pericytes Circulation Research DOI: 10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.116.310531 (2017) LncRNAs (long non-coding RNAs) have significant regulatory roles in vessel stability in pericytes. However, their function in pericyte biology is largely unknown. Novogene’s lncRNA sequencing service was adopted in this study and the Hypoxia-Induced Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress Regulating lncRNA (HypERlnc) was identified and characterized. HypERlnc knockdown showed pericyte de-differentiation and loss of pericyte function, as well as induced ER stress. RNA seq and subsequent Gene Ontology (GO) and KEGG analysis revealed the role of HypERlnc in human cardiopulmonary disease. This study demonstrates that lncRNA sequencing, combined with other approaches such as RT-qPCR, can reveal previously unexplored and complex characteristics and functions of HypERlnc.
Figure. RNA-seq in primary mouse pericytes demonstrates high read coverage of the possible mHypERlnc orthologue (in purple)
Single-cell RNA-Seq profiling of human preimplantation embryos and embryonic stem cells Nature Structural & Molecular Biology 20, 1131–1139 (2013) Measuring gene expression in individual cells is crucial for understanding the gene regulatory network controlling human embryonic development. Here we apply single-cell RNA sequencing analysis to 124 individual cells from human preimplantation embryos and human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) at different passages. The number of maternally expressed genes detected in our data set is 22,687, including 8,701 long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs), which represents a significant increase from 9,735 maternal genes detected previously by cDNA microarray. We discovered 2,733 novel lncRNAs, many of which are expressed in specific developmental stages. To address the long-standing question whether gene expression signatures of human epiblast (EPI) and in vitro hESCs are the same, we found that EPI cells and primary hESC outgrowth have dramatically different transcriptomes, with 1,498 genes showing differential expression between them. This work provides a comprehensive framework of the transcriptome landscapes of human early embryos and hESCs. lncrna-data-graphs Figure. Expression patterns of known long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) genes during human preimplantation development and derivation of hESCs. Figure. Number and spectrum of SNVs

Examples of Publications Using Novogene’s Services

Journal Title
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, 20: 1131–1139 (2013) Single-cell RNA-Seq profiling of human preimplantation embryos and embryonic stem cells.
Circulation Research, 121(4): 368-375 (2017) Identification and functional characterization of hypoxia-induced endoplasmic reticulum stress regulating lncRNA (HypERlnc) in pericytes.
Nature Communications, 9: 2292 (2018) Oxidized phospholipids regulate amino acid metabolism through MTHFD2 to facilitate nucleotide release in endothelial cells.
Cell, 173(4): 906-919.e13 (2018) Self-recognition of an inducible host lncRNA by RIG-I feedback restricts innate immune response.